The image-sharpening process APF-R was designed and implemented by Christoph Kaltseis over the last years. The basis is a simple, but important question: What does a really sharp picture look like? APF-R delineates this step in image processing in a new way.
Numerous processes claim to master this topic, but in all cases, compromises have to be made. Each image is dependent on numerous factors, especially in astrophotography. Christoph Kaltseis' motivation was to get the maximum out of each picture. On the way to an APF-R picture, it is important to make the first step as thorough as possible. This first step is crucial: It determines what details will be visible in the final image.
Please note: The images shown on this page are low-resolution GIF-images, which should only demonstrate the sharpening effects. Original images as .PSD files can be found on www.cedic.at/apfr.
Sharpness is an impression that is perceived differently. That is why the result is fine-tuned in the last step of the APF-R process. APF-R cannot be done with in a single, universal command, so we recommend a step-by-step approach. "Why this?" you may ask now. APF-R is a very flexible method that can be matched precisely to any fineness. Each step is a procedure conceived by your experience with your own imaging system: if you match it perfectly, the final result will be superior. For daylight images, the first step is also one of the most important ones in the process. Each lens and camera behave differently - so different pictures do not always deliver the same accuracy and quality. Therefore, APF-R can be precisely tuned to achieve the best sharpening and to retain the natural impression of the image. The result is a three-dimensional effect in the picture.
Adobe Photoshop CS5 / CS6 Extended (or higher).
Additional APF-R Information
Christoph Kaltseis has developed this processing for the last 5 years, with testing and learning and trying on many different images (all kind of astronomy images and daylight images). APF-R is a Adobe Photoshop processing, and it can be recorded as an Photoshop action for every privat system ( you can record your own action at photoshop!). APF-R is very flexible, so you have to built it for your system, because there are ever so small adjustments that change the final APF-R result entirely.
Below is the APF-R Intro-Video as well as the first APF-R Tutorial. Further Videos and example images can be found on this website: www.cedic.at/apfr